A two-disc DVD collection that spotlights the actor's MGM period. "TCM Archives: The Buster Keaton Collection" features two of Keaton's funniest silents, "The Cameraman," re-mastered with a new score by former Frank Zappa ... more »band member Arthur Barrow, and "Spite Marriage" (featuring its original 1929 Vitaphone musical score) along with "Free and Easy," Keaton's first talkie. The DVD set also features film historian Kevin Brownlow's poignant new documentary "So Funny It Hurt: Buster Keaton and MGM." Considered by many cinema's greatest silent clown, Buster Keaton was a consummate practitioner of physical comedy whose career began in vaudeville at the age of three. Wearing trademark slapshoes and big baggy pants identical to his father's, most gags involved pratfalls with his father kicking him across the stage or tossing him into the air. Within a few years of his debut, Keaton was scoring rave reviews which applauded the physical comedy that would come to be so much a part of his film fame. "The dexterity or expertness with which Joe Keaton handles 'Buster' is almost beyond belief of studied 'business.' The boy accomplishes everything attempted naturally, taking a dive into the backdrop that almost any comedy acrobat of more mature years could watch with profit" (Variety, March 12, 1910). Details of The Buster Keaton Collection Films The Cameraman - After becoming infatuated with a pretty office worker, Keaton sets out to become a newsreel cameraman in order to be closer to his dream girl. Keaton's first film for MGM, made in 1928, is considered one of his funniest masterworks and offers up a feast of visual gags. The newly remastered DVD includes a new score by Arthur Barrow. Spite Marriage - In this 1929 silent laugh-filled classic, Keaton stars as Elmer, a man madly in love with stage star Trilbey Drew. When Trilbey's boyfriend gets engaged to another woman, she marries Elmer in a desperate attempt to get even. This was Keaton's final silent comedy, and is presented here with its original Vitaphone music score. Free and Easy - In Keaton's first talkie, he stars as an agent to beauty contest winner Elvira Plunkett. When Elvira decides to try her luck in Hollywood, Elmer goes along to help and the two soon find themselves falling in love. Chaos ensues when the couple must contend with Elvira's disapproving mother and a handsome movie star, who also has his sights set on the lovely Elvira. This 1930 classic is highlighted by guest appearances from a host of other MGM stars of the era including Robert Montgomery and Lionel Barrymore.« less
thornhillatthemovies.com | Venice, CA United States | 06/08/2005
(4 out of 5 stars)
"Boy, how I used to hate Ted Turner. Yes, hate. It wasn't too strong of a word. When Turner Classic Movies first began broadcasting, they were intent on colorizing everything. Don't remember colorization? Good! A handful of executives felt that for a classic black and white film to find an audience in the MTV age everything had to be colored in with day glow artificial colors, giving a number of films the look of a bad water color, everyone had the same skin color, making them unwatchable. At one point, Turner even wanted to colorize the early black and white episodes of "Gilligan's Island". I'm not sure (nor do I care) if that ever happened.
Now, Turner Classic Movies is an invaluable resource for anyone who loves or studies films. Using the MGM vault as their toy chest, and later adding libraries of other studios, they show a remarkable number of hard to find films that are not available on DVD or even video. In the last few years, MGM and Warner Bros. have begun releasing a large number of these films on DVD, using pristine prints, restoring films and creating a host of attractive extras. What a difference a decade makes.
Turner Classic Movies has released "The Buster Keaton Collection", a two disc set including "The Cameraman" (1928), "Spite Marriage" (1929) and "Free and Easy" (1930), Buster's first talkie. There is also a short documentary called "Buster Keaton: So Funny It Hurt" about his brief tenure at MGM. The documentary premiered on Turner Classic Movies.
Buster Keaton is one of my favorite film comedians, creating some of the funniest films I have ever seen. During much of his career, Keaton was his own boss. He produced the films he wanted to create and worked on them until he was happy with their content and then released them through distribution deals his partner, Joe Schenck, put together. Sound familiar? This is essentially what Chaplin and Harold Lloyd did as well. But Chaplin was savvier when it came to business. He extracted larger contracts, made more money and retained ownership of all of his films.
Because he was his own boss, Keaton had free reign while he worked helping him create such classics as "The General". Widely acknowledged as Keaton's masterpiece, the film follows the exploits of a lone Southern engineer as he tries to thwart the plans of the Northern soldiers he comes across. If you have never seen "The General", you should. It is a great film and contains many classic comedy moments including an amazing sequence set on two trains speeding down the tracks.
"The General" is not my favorite Keaton film. That would have to be "Sherlock Jr." Keaton plays a young man who imagines he is in a film. Amazingly, all of the special effects were created in the camera. When you watch, you will understand what I mean and why it is so amazing.
In "Seven Chances", Keaton's character has just one day to find a bride and get married to inherit a fortune. Botching the proposal to his girlfriend, his best buddy helps him find a mate and they ask several women, all of whom refuse. Rejected by everyone, Buster goes to the church and falls asleep, waiting for his buddy and lawyer to bring someone to the church. While he is asleep, a newspaper story reveals Keaton is looking for a bride and will inherit a large sum of money upon marriage. When he wakes up, the church is filled with women of all sizes, ages, races and appearances. When they realize Buster is sitting in front of them, they stampede, leading to one of the funniest sequences ever filmed. This films was, unfortunately, remade a few years ago starring Chris O'Donnell and Renee Zellweger.
Or "The Navigator", or "Steamboat Bill, Jr", or "Go West". There are many more classics, too many to list and discuss.
What does any of this have to do with "The Buster Keaton Collection"? It is important to have a brief history to understand why this new DVD set is so important.
Even though "The General" is acknowledged as Keaton's classic film, this is a development that happened many, many years after the film's release. The film was a major financial disappointment for Keaton. His next film "College" earned more money, but the financial pressures experienced after "The General" led Schenck to look for a more powerful partner to produce and distribute Keaton's films.
Watching "The Buster Keaton Collection" is a necessary evil for anyone who is interested in film or silent film history. Containing three films, it represents a good, a bad and one of the lowest points in Keaton's career.
Keaton signed with MGM in 1928. As I watched "The Cameraman", the first film produced at MGM, I listened to the commentary provided by Glenn Mitchell, author of "A - Z of Silent Film Comedy" and I learned a very telling fact. Both Chaplin and Lloyd advised Keaton against signing with MGM. As mentioned, Keaton had a tremendous amount of creative freedom when he worked for himself. At MGM, he became part of a factory and the fit wasn't a good one and would ultimately lead to the end of his career as a filmmaker. MGM insisted that he work from tightly plotted screenplays and he was no longer allowed to work out gags on the set, with the camera rolling. Despite all of these problems, "The Cameraman" is quite good. It was also very successful and, according to Mitchell, used as a template for all of the studio's future comedies, including many of the Marx Brothers films.
Keaton plays Luke, a tintype operator in New York City. During a large parade, he bumps into Sally (Marceline Day), the receptionist at MGM Newsreels. Pitying him, she agrees to let him take her picture. At the time, tintypes were already ancient. He follows her to the office to return the picture. In an attempt to impress her, he buys an old camera and waits for an assignment. In an effort to encourage him, and thwart the pushy office bully, she sends him on an assignment, which he botches. Later, he goes to cover a parade in Chinatown. At the parade, rival Tong gangs decide to start a war, and Keaton finds he is in the middle of the action.
"The Cameraman" is recognized as Keaton's last great film and it is very good; there is a lot of "funny business". Keaton's efforts to photograph the Tong War are especially funny and inventive. Constantly racing around, he has to fend of the warring gang members as he tries to get as close to the action as possible. At one point, a gun shot hits one of the legs of his tripod making it useless. He then decides to put the other two legs in harms way and sure enough, they are soon the same size. Standing on a platform, with a great view of the action, he doesn't realize that the scaffolding is about to give way and the platform swings gracefully to the ground, giving him a great shot.
The story is a little awkward and the third act seems sloppy. It was necessary to reestablish Sally's feelings for Keaton and take the bully out of the picture. To do this, an elaborate set piece was created. But if you look at the story, the connection between the main plot and this bit was tenuous at best and detracts from the film.
"The Cameraman" was very successful and only served to re-affirm MGM's belief that Keaton's films should be more tightly scripted. Because the film made money, they felt they were right and Keaton was wrong. 1929's "Spite Marriage" is one of those `hybrid' films from the late twenties. Created after the invention of sound, it isn't a `talkie'. MGM wasn't ready to put Keaton in a talkie. Instead, the film contains synced sound effects and music. Much like a laugh track on a television comedy, these sound effects were intended to cue the viewers' feelings and emotions. Watching a silent film with synced sound effects is like watching a foreign film with dubbed voices. It detracts from the film, taking you out of the story.
Keaton plays Elmer, a dry cleaner, infatuated with stage actress Trilby Drew (Dorothy Sebastian). He attends every performance of her play wearing a different suit borrowed from his customers. He also waits outside the stage door every night, for some indication that she is aware of his existence. One night, after fighting with her leading man, Trilby talks to Elmer, trying to make the leading man jealous. Elmer knows nothing of this spat and soon agrees to marry her. As the sham marriage progresses, he realizes that she doesn't love him, but will always continue to love her.
"Spite Marriage" contains three memorable sequences. Early in the film, Elmer winds up backstage playing an extra in Trilby's play. The extra has a significant scene in which he holds Trilby after her character has fainted. Naturally, he is so nervous the play becomes a disaster. After they are married, Trilby insists that they go to the same nightclub frequented by her leading man and his new girlfriend. Trilby proceeds to get stinking drunk. Returning to their hotel room, she passes out. Elmer attempts to move her unwieldy body and put her to bed, but she doesn't cooperate and he struggles, in truly comedic fashion, to get her into the bed. The finale, set aboard a steamship involves a band of rumrunners who try to take over the nearly deserted ship. Elmer saves the day. My problem with this sequence is that it seems a retread of a superior sequence in "The Navigator", one of Keaton's earlier films. It is different, but doesn't seem to stretch the envelope enough.
The less said about "Free and Easy" the better. Keaton's first talkie, he essentially becomes a supporting character to Elvira (Anita Page) and Larry (Robert Montgomery), two budding lovers. Elvira wins a small town beauty contest and earns a trip to Hollywood, her mother and Elmer (Keaton) in tow. On the train, they meet Larry, a famous actor. The mother is overbearing. The jokes are completely wrong for Keaton. It is a mess.
MGM proceeded to cast Keaton in a series of talkies reliant on jokes and verbal puns, not physical humor, Keaton's trademark. Unable to use his creative skills, Keaton's personal life soon deteriorated and his drinking became excessive. MGM soon paired Keaton with an up and coming comedian, Jimmy Durante. Durante quickly became the headliner and Keaton's contract was not renewed. He managed to eke out a living writing gags for people like the Marx Brothers, acting in two-reelers and industrial training films and appearing on television. A few years later, he began appearing in films like "In the Good Old Summertime", "Sunset Boulevard", "Limelight" and "A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum".
"Buster Keaton: So Funny It Hurt" is a short documentary, produced by Kevin Brownlow for Turner Classic Movies. Hosted by actor James Karen, the film follows Keaton's short-lived career at MGM and, essentially, the end of his career. Why Karen? He met Keaton at MGM and they became friends. The documentary is interesting, but far too short to go into any interesting depth. Karen does discuss how Keaton met Eleanor, a young showgirl at MGM. They fell in love and married, the longest of Keaton's marriages, lasting until he died. Eleanor was instrumental in reestablishing interest in her husband's work, getting it shown at museums and repertory houses, leading to people writing about it, which lead to more people watching the films for the first time, which would ultimately lead to people remembering Keaton's place in film history. If you consider how many silent film actors have been virtually wiped off the face of the Earth because their films have all but disappeared, we should all be grateful that Keaton's memory and films live on.
Far more interesting is "Buster Keaton: A Hard Act to Follow", also produced by Kevin Brownlow and his then partner David Gill. A multi-part documentary produced in the 80s for PBS, it follows Keaton throughout his life. His loves, life and work are all discussed in great detail. Try to catch this on VHS or TV, because it is not yet available on DVD.
"The Buster Keaton Collection" is an essential addition to the library of any film scholar and any fan of the great comedians. "
A Keaton keeper!
Robert Badgley | London,Ontario,Canada | 12/13/2004
(4 out of 5 stars)
"This is one set as a Keaton fan that you should add to your collection.
The rating however should really be three and a half stars.
This set comes in a handsome pull apart case housing the two DVDs but I was disappointed to find no booklet/liner notes with details about these new releases,i.e.sources for the prints,restoration work,etc.
The Cameraman is the BEST thing about this set.The 90s release of it on VHS came in around 70 minutes and was a poor transfer.By comparison this new version comes in at about 75 minutes and is the most complete commercially released print so far.It has been re-released with a NEW score and not the original featured on the VHS version.I personally would have preferred the original score but the new one does have a certain charm and in the end does justice to the film.With the additional footage/title cards,its' improved and adjusted contrast and overall picture quality, it has heightened,at least to this reviewer,its' reputation and enjoyment as one of Keatons' best films.
The next film is Spite Marriage.Two versions were released originally of this film,one a silent and THIS one with sound effects and a musical score.It would have been very nice to have had BOTH in this set for comparison/historical purposes but such was not the case.This print shows absolutely no improvement over the previously released VHS version also released in the 90s.It shows very few signs of being "cleaned up" at all.They have again adjusted the contrast but other than that and the sound being improved through digital means,the film as a re-release (technically) overall is a disappointment.
And the final film in this set "Free and Easy" is again, and even MORE so, a technical disappointment.This re-release print is even worse than Spite Marriage,quite "rough" throughout with some footage even out of focus.Seems they just took it out of the vault and with minimal work did a transfer onto DVD and it shows.Certainly unworthy in a release such as this.
Rating of these works based on their artistic merits also parallels their techinical merits.
The Cameraman is by far the best in plot structure and truest to the Keaton style.It was a fantastic start to his MGM phase but how unfortunate that the lions' vision was so myopic.
Spite Marriage lags a ways behind the Cameraman because of the now more noticable studio interference.There are many true Keaton touches throughout but the cumbersome plot and pace often get in the way of enjoying this film more.
Free and Easy lags even farther still behind Spite Marriage.The iron fist of the studio is evident throughout this film and the Keaton we knew is now just a player with little room to maneuver.His character has now been "warped" and the "funny" business he speaks and performs fed to him by the script writers falls totally flat.Keaton was a consummate pro and even under these conditions his brilliance still managed to rise to the surface occasionally.His singing and dancing is one highlight out of very few.
To add to the enjoyment of this set are commentaries offered for both the Cameraman and Spite Marriage by familiar film historians.
Also,and a great delight to this reviewer,is the additonal inclusion of a 38 minute special produced by film historian Kevin Brownlow and narrated/hosted by Keatons' friend and actor James Karen.Two special highlights included in this documentary of Keatons' MGM years are further sound/video clips from his CBC interview of 1964 not included in A Hard Act To Follow and some tantalizing amateur footage of Keaton in New York City during the filming of The Cameraman.A wonderful complimentary piece to this set.
In conclusion although this set is technically disappointing in so far as Spite Marriage and Free and Easy are concerned(thus the 3 1/2 star rating),The Cameraman outshines them both.Historically and artistically, especially in so far as Keatons' career goes,these films are quite important.And with the addition of the added Brownlow documentary this is one set no true Keaton fan should be without."
Almost worth getting for
Erica | Wisconsin, USA | 12/06/2004
(3 out of 5 stars)
"Considered a "model" MGM comedy, "The Cameraman" was used to train other moviemakers as an example of how a comedy should be constructed. Of course, MGM took credit for what was essentially still a Buster Keaton production, the last time he'd be allowed such creative control, sadly. Even then, the film show the MGM mark, in that this is a very sympathetic character.
There are some wonderful moments here. The "elevator" shot, in which Keaton goes up and down several flights of stairs to catch a call from his beloved, is a highlight, as are many of the pool scenes. Watch out for the [...] shot in the pool.
The other films are interesting to watch once, just to say that you've seen them. But knowing the heights that Buster had attained, it's hard to watch as he loses control of his work, knowing that his worst years are just ahead of him at this point. It helps knowing that all worked out relatively well in the end, but MGM just didn't know what they had, and didn't know how to go about letting a genius be a genius. Perhaps they didn't recognize what they had in Buster. I don't know.
I wouldn't recommend this collection to the Buster newbie. It's best to start off with "Sherlock Jr." or "The Navagator" or "Our Hospitality" first, then on to meatier works such as "The General" or perhaps the Keaton/Arbuckle collection. Only then would I try this collection. Though I found "The Cameraman" quite entertaining, the other films are really only for Buster afficianados.
The only highlight for me in "Free and Easy" for example, was Buster singing the title song and doing a little dance in clown makeup. It was a kick just to hear his voice, though that midwest twang of his might give some indication of why MGM, or most anyone else at the time, didn't realize that under that yokel voice and uneducated manner of speaking of his lurked a true master."
Warner Home Video is on a roll!
Downtownwaits | 11/10/2004
(5 out of 5 stars)
"Really excited to have the chance to see these Keaton films. I've wanted to see the final two silent films Keaton made for years and now here they are in a great package. Warner is really outdoing themselves with their classic releases.
The new documentary will have never before seen home movie footage of Buster on location! Wow."
Two movies and a debasement
Joan | Chicago | 05/11/2006
(5 out of 5 stars)
"I'm a newcomer to Buster Keaton's films. I've heard of him since I was a kid, but I never actually watched his films until a couple months ago. I was a complete idiot to wait this long. The Cameraman is one of the funniest and most charming movies I have ever seen. Spite Marriage is much better than many of the reviewers are giving it credit for. They're probably comparing it to other Keaton films. I haven't seen all that many yet, so I can't do that. I can tell you it is much funnier than any comedy that any major film studio will secrete this year. Or next year. You get the idea.
A reviewer at IMDB described Free and Easy as "MGM's first snuff film." I couldn't have put it better. Thanks to the documentary that came with this set, I already knew what MGM did to Keaton's career before I saw how they did it. The scene with Buster wearing puppet strings has to be the most vivid image from that entire film. I can't blame him for turning into an alcoholic, after making something like that. All I did was watch that that movie, and I needed a drink afterward.
I can't recommend this set highly enough. Even Free and Easy has its educational value. It shows you precisely what happens when creative individuals are turned over to business people who don't actually understand or care about what they're doing, as long as it makes money. Some things don't ever change."